serment du jeu de paume
The Oath also inspired a wide variety of revolutionary activities in the months afterwards, ranging from rioting in the French countryside to renewed calls for a written constitution. C'est une journée historique lors de laquelle de nombreux députés, en particulier du tiers-état, ont montré leur détermination à en finir avec la monarchie absolue en adoptant une constitution. The First Estate comprised the clergy; the Second Estate was the nobility. It was a pivotal event in the French Revolution. On 17 June, the Third Estate began to call themselves the National Assembly, led by Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de Mirabeau. It was foreshadowed by and drew considerably from the 1776 United States Declaration of Independence, especially the preamble. Le Serment du jeu de paume, tableau de David © Wikimedia Commons C'était il y a 230 ans. Au début de la Révolution française, une dispute a lieu entre le Tiers État d’une part, le roi et les ordres privilégiés (Clergé et Noblesse) d’autre part. DAVID Jacques Louis (1748 - 1825) Fermer. The Estates-General had been called to address the country's fiscal and agricultural crisis, but they had become bogged down in issues of representation immediately after convening in May 1789, particularly whethe… Une épreuve de force sengage alors entre les représentants du tiers état et les ordres privilégiés dans une lutte de reconnaissance pour s'affirmer comme voix collective de la Nation. Auteur : DAVID Jacques Louis (1748 - 1825) Date de création : 1791. We swear never to separate ourselves from the National Assembly, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require until the constitution of the realm is drawn up and fixed upon solid foundations. Decrees that all members of this Assembly immediately take a solemn oath never to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require until the constitution of the realm is established and fixed upon solid foundations; and that said oath having been sworn, all members and each one individually confirms this unwavering resolution with his signature. The Estates-General had been called to address the country's fiscal and agricultural crisis, but they had become bogged down in issues of representation immediately after convening in May 1789, particularly whether they would vote by order or by head (which would increase the power of the Third Estate, as they outnumbered the other two estates by a large margin). The rest of France—some 98 per cent of the population—was the Third Estate, which ranged from very wealthy city merchants to impoverished rural farmers. There 576 of the 577 members from the Third Estate took a collective oath "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established". They immediately feared the worst and were anxious that a royal attack was imminent from King Louis XVI, so upon the suggestion of one of their members Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, the deputies congregated in a nearby indoor jeu de paume court [fr] in the Saint-Louis district [fr] of the city of Versailles near the Palace of Versailles. Le Serment du Jeu de paume, 20 juin 1789 (ébauche). On 20 June 1789, the members of the French Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath (French: Serment du Jeu de Paume), vowing "not to separate and to reassemble wherever require, until the Constitution of the kingdom is established". On 20 June 1789, the members of the French Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath (French: Serment du Jeu de Paume), vowing "not to separate and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the Constitution of the kingdom is established". Dimensions : Hauteur 66 - Largeur 101,2. Date représentée : 20 juin 1789. Le 20 juin 1789, les députés du tiers état sont obligés de se réunir dans une salle prévue pour le jeu de paume. Either way, the First and Second Estates could exercise a veto over proposals enjoying widespread support among the Third Estate, such as reforms that threatened the privileges of the nobility and clergy.  The oath was a revolutionary act and an assertion that political authority derived from the people and their representatives rather than from the monarchy. Réalisée en quelques mois seulement par le peintre, et aidé de quatre assistants, cette toile monumentale, de dix mètres sur six, est une véritable prouesse technique. Il fallait aussi détruire la société d’ordres … The First and Second Estates preferred to divide the vote; a proposal might need to receive approval from each Estate or there might be two "houses" of the Estates-General (one for the first two Estates, and one for the Third) and a bill would need to be passed by both houses.  The only person who did not join in the oath was Joseph Martin-Dauch from Castelnaudary, who would only execute decisions that were made by the monarch.  en prélude à la convocation des états sont discutées à la chambre. Their solidarity forced Louis XVI to order the clergy and the nobility to join the Third Estate in the National Assembly to give the illusion that he controlled the National Assembly. , Before the Revolution, French society—aside from royalty—was divided into three estates. An English-language translation of the oath reads: Considering that it has been called to establish the constitution of the realm, to bring about the regeneration of public order, and to maintain the true principles of monarchy; nothing may prevent it from continuing its deliberations in any place it is forced to establish itself; and, finally, the National Assembly exists wherever its members are gathered.  On the morning of 20 June, the deputies were shocked to discover that the chamber door was locked and guarded by soldiers. The Tennis Court Oath (20 June 1789) preceded the abolition of feudalism (4 August 1789) and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (26 August 1789).
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